This small house is built in a garden between the dam and farmland. The main goal of the customers was to create a place where they could enjoy the garden as well as the view of the farmland. Their wishes have been translated into a wooden structure that intertwines with the environment. Existing plants and trees are included in the project. The entire glazed façade is made openable, while the border between the internal and external space is erased. The cantilever adds a closed top area to this and creates a gradual transition. The area of the house is 54 m2, however, when the weather permits, the area of the entire terrace can be increased to 210 m2. The floor is raised slightly above the garden, with the garden continuing below deck.
The deck overhangs the existing ditch, this ditch creates the boundary between the garden and farmland. From this point of view, you can observe the constantly changing agricultural land. The pergola is built into the structure and creates a direct connection to the garden from the inside. Most of the rainwater is directed through the roof to the gazebo and irrigates plants and trees. The modular structure consists of laminated larch wood combined with CLT. Three CLT walls provide stability to the columns and beam structure, which is a modular structure with a 1.5 meter grid. The cross-shaped columns are placed on the lattice and carry the roof. The modular structure is filled with six prefabricated elements. Internal floor, external floor, open facade, closed facade, internal roof and external roof. The structure is intentionally left blank in certain places, creating space for plants and trees – wood, wood, and again wood. This building is constructed of wood to minimize CO2 impact. Wood is used as a load-bearing structure made of larch, larch window frames, timber frames with larch cladding, wood fiber insulation, birch plywood floor and ceiling, paduk flooring. The roof works both as a catchment and as an integration of the building and nature. The building is designed completely collapsible, only dry joints are used. The house is fully electrified and uses electric underfloor heating, electric boilers and an electric kitchen. The consoles keep out the hot summer sun and let in the winter sun. The lift in the roof allows the hot air to rise. The glass façade opens on all sides to enhance ventilation.
The building is completely designed using a BIM model. The existing pool is measured in situ, these physical coordinates were used as a digital reference. The 3D models of the steel foundation and timber support structure were synchronized many times, optimized and replaced in places. The client assumed the role of a contractor and assembled suitable subcontractors. As architects, VLOT was responsible for ordering all required building materials on time. When using the BIM model to order all materials, there was as little waste as possible, there was almost no leftover materials on site. The modular design allows for a large number of factory work. The finished elements were put in place. This has been done for the supporting structure, window frames, all floorboards, floors and ceilings. They were made in a warm and dry workshop and then delivered to the site.
Name: Country House (Buitenhuis House) Location: Heinenord, Holland Architecture: VLOT architecten Construction: 2020 Total area: 54 m2 Photo: VLOT architecten